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English Curriculum - 7th grade

English Language Arts


Reading Standards for Literature

  • Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently
  • Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
  • Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact
  • Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range
  • Reading Standards for Informational Text
  • Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone
  • Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas
  • Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others
  • Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims
  • Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts

Writing Standards

  • Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts
  • Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), reasons, and evidence
  • Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented
    Introduce a topic or thesis statement clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/ contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting
  • Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples
    Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically
  • Language Standards


Convention of Standard English

  • Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences
  • Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas
  • Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

  • Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word
  • Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech or trace the etymology of words
  • Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase
  • Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonym/antonym, analogy) to better understand each of the words


7th Grade Math and Algebra I

Number and Quantity 

The Real Number System 

  • Extend the properties of exponents to rational exponents
  • Explain how the definition of the meaning of rational exponents follows from extending the properties of integer exponents to those values, allowing for a notation for radicals in terms of rational exponents
  • Rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents
  • Use properties of rational and irrational numbers


  • Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems
  • Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.


  • Interpret the structure of expressions
  • Interpret parts of an expression, such as terms, factors, and coefficients
  • Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems
  • Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression
  • Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials
  • Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers, namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials
  • Create equations that describe numbers or relationships
  • Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales
  • Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning
  • Solve equations and inequalities in one variable
  • Explain each step in solving a simple equation as following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step, starting from the assumption that the original equation has a solution. Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method
  • Solve systems of equations
  • Prove that, given a system of two equations in two variables, replacing one equation by the sum of that equation and a multiple of the other produces a system with the same solution
  • Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically
  • Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically
  • Understand the concept of a function and use function notation
  • Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context
  • Analyze functions using different representations
  • Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities
  • Build new functions from existing functions
  • Construct and compare linear, quadratic, and exponential models and solve problems
  • Interpret expressions for functions in terms of the situation they mode
  • Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context
  • Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable
  • Summarize, represent, and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables
  • Interpret linear models.